The 1.5 degree threshold has been exceeded every month for a year

The global average temperature must not rise more than 1.5 degrees – this is stated in the Paris Climate Agreement. In the last twelve months it has not been possible to maintain the value.

Global warming continues to rise: June 2024 was the warmest since records began. And it is the twelfth time in a row that the 1.5 degree threshold has been exceeded or exceeded.

June 2024 will set a new heat record. At 1.5 degrees above the June average from the pre-industrial reference period of 1850 to 1900, it is considered the warmest month since meteorological records began. According to the EU’s climate change agency Copernicus, this is the twelfth month in a row that temperatures have exceeded the critical point of 1.5 degrees.

With the Paris Agreement on climate protection, Germany and other countries have set a goal of keeping the increase in the average global temperature well below two degrees – ideally even limiting it to 1.5 degrees. This goal applies to longer periods of time rather than individual months or years. However, there is currently no precise definition of what exactly is considered to exceed this goal.

In the 12 months from July 2023 to June 2024, global temperatures averaged 1.64 degrees above pre-industrial levels, according to Copernicus data. Each of these months was the warmest of its kind on record globally. Such a series of monthly records is unusual, although there was a similar series in 2015 and 2016.

In June, the global average surface air temperature was 16.66 degrees. This is 0.67 degrees above the average for the period from 1991 to 2020 and even 0.14 degrees above the previous high in June 2023. The average European temperature in June exceeded the average for the years 1991 to 2020 by 1.57 points.

Outside of Europe, temperatures were particularly high in the east Canadaits west USA, Mexico, BrazilNorth Siberia, Middle East, North Africa and West Antarctic especially high. According to Copernicus director Carlo Buontempo, this development shows “major and ongoing climate change”. This is unstoppable unless people change their behavior: “We will inevitably see new records if the climate continues to warm. This is inevitable if we do not stop releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and oceans.”

The EU’s climate change agency Copernicus continuously provides important data on global temperature, the state of sea ice cover and precipitation levels. This information is based on extensive computer-aided analyzes that gather billions of measurements from a wide variety of sources, including satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations worldwide. The period of data collection extends from 1950 and for some areas even earlier data is available.

(tagsTo Translate)Climate crisis

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