ChatGPT: a threat to medical and scientific information?

The question has been worth asking since the emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) in the hands of the general public just over a year ago. American researchers have investigated the phenomenon.

The authors’ approach was very simple. They were asked to write three review articles to appear in a medical science journal on three different topics: fractures and the nervous system, Alzheimer’s disease and bone health, and Covid-19 and bone health.

They subscribed to ChatGPT 4.0. The articles were written using three different methods: either they were written entirely by ChatGPT, by humans, or by humans with the help of AI. They assessed the credibility of the articles as well as the writing speed. No doubt: ChatGPT is the fastest, but it also makes a lot of mistakes. Thus, up to 70% of the references were false. These results are consistent with those found in other studies, where 16% of the references are real “inventions” by AI. But the peer review of articles done traditionally required an in-depth review of certain articles written by… humans or by humans assisted by AI.

By using an AI-assisted approach with more human involvement, they saw more plagiarism, especially by providing more references to the tool beforehand. In general, AI is faster but requires more verification time. Furthermore, the authors regret the low level of writing in ChatGPT, for example by increasing the number of repetitions.

According to them, it is not reasonable to try to deny the existence of AI and its use, but it is necessary to guide the use of ChatGPT and others to write articles for medical journals. (Editor’s Note – Note that the publication publishing this article offers its authors an AI like Chat GPT to write their articles!)

Also read: Springer Nature launches artificial intelligence to help researchers write their articles in English

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